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More Burning Tips from our Members


Section 8-2-0
  1. Backup & Restoring Utilizing CD-RW Drives and Media (Author: Jim Hardin)
  2. Rescue Files Trapped on a CD-RW (care of: PC World)
  3. Getting ECD Plat 5 to work on Dell's system. (Author: Andrew~Alexia75)
  4. Getting ECD Basic 5.1 to work on Dell's system (Author: Mike ~cde3cvr)
  5. Helpful List for Easy CD Platinum (Author: Jerry~anthony12)
  6. Windows XP burning program (Author: Jim Hardin)
  7. Check you ASPI Layer when experiencing various errors with CD/RW`s and Detection (Author~Rob Arco)
  8. Creating VCD with Nero 5.7 (Author: Glen Waxwell)
  9. Helpful tips for Direct CD (Author: Jerry~anthony12)
  10. A little useful info from the Plextor website about CDRWs in XP (Care of Phatpype)
  11. CD/RW is Read Only (Care of Jack ~ Fireberd)
  12. Uninstall Roxio with the add/remove programs (Care of ~ Jim)




8-2-1: Backup & Restoring Utilizing CD/RW Drives and Media (Author: Jim Hardin)

I offer the following as a basic 'how to' on the subject. I welcome any corrections or additions.



CD-RW may be practical for most home users. Business users or home users with critical data should look to other solutions. Second HD or Tape Drives are far more practical as well as fool proof. Depending on capacity requirements, Zip drives are out of their league for this. Zip drives as well as a host of other storage systems remain unproven in reliability.


There are two requirement that users seek
1. To backup/restore specific files
2. To backup/restore the entire system

Can backup software meet those requirements?
1. Specific files – YES
2. Entire system – YES and NO…


CD-R or RW media can be used to create a COPY of those files. Simply copy them back to the PC. Note that files copied from a CD-R will be set as Read Only and their Properties must be reset after copying them back the HD.

Using backup software is a little more time consuming, but the backup of files will be compressed allowing a smaller number of CD-RW disks to be needed.

Direct CD and multi-session CDs:
I cannot stress enough that these are inherently unreliable!

One exception. There is a program, Take Two that works in conjunction with DCD. It is a backup program and should be reliable.

One other opinion. Important files, business/personal records, pictures, music etc. Burn these onto CD-Rs uncompressed. If it is really important, make a second set and store them in separate locations. Don’t be cheap – THINK!


One problem I encountered, using Veritas Backup Exec, was that I could not get it to look at my CD-ROM/DVD drive. It refused to look at any source other than the RW drive that I made the backup on. This could be a serious drawback to users who have external drives. If anyone knows a solution please inform me.

FULL SYSTEM BACKUP - Note the problem concerning source drive.

Backup software will prompt you to make a recovery floppy or floppies. These are DOS based so that you can make your initial recovery even though Windows will not run. Your BIOS must allow a boot from floppy drive for these to work. If Windows is working you can run your Backup program, even from Safe Mode, and won’t need the floppies. The Restore portion of your Backup program should allow you to “test” your backup after you made it. I recommend booting with the floppies and running the Restore. Mine read the CDs then after confirming they were valid, offered to quit or proceed with the restore. I was always reluctant to “test” assuming I might mess up the PC or the backup. Looks like my concerns were unfounded.

Veritas Backup Exec as well as others I have used do not predict the number of CD-RWs you are going to need, so make sure you have a small bucket of them on hand before you start. The files are compressed during processing, but an estimate is 1.5 to 2 times the number of Gigabytes you are backing up. – 10 GB will need 15 to 20 CD-RWs.

Protect your backup media! Store them in a dark place without moisture or temperature extremes. Keep in mind your backup media is your Plan B and you don’t have a Plan C!

Picking the options.

Picking the options. Picking options in backup software is not as clear as it should be. Some offer a ‘one button backup’. That is pretty clear – Everything. If you are just after specific files, then you must pick the ones you want. If you pick the entire hard drive, you still have to find the option to backup Registry and System files. Pick a useful name for the backup set. Some of mine are Full 00003, Full 00004 and other obscure names. Full 8-10-01 or Inc 9-21-01 would have been a better choice.


System: Win98SE one 12 GB hard drive with one partition. External 2X SCSI CD-RW. Home network.

I made a full backup of my C:\ drive last August including Registry & System files. It required 12 CD-RWs and a lot of time! My sturdy Ricoh 2X external is all I have, so I would hope a faster writer would reduce the write time to under one day! A 2X will take a half hour per CD at best. Since I chose write & test…

Two recovery floppies were made during the backup. They are for use in conjunction with the CDs from MS-DOS.

Edit 11/11/01

After hooking up the Old HD, I slowly went through each directory and compared files. I found that many were missing despite my incremental backups. A couple of folders had more files on the New HD than were on the old…

The Start | Programs menu reflects only folders added, but did not reflect those moved or removed at a later time. A minor annoyance.

The HP-970 printer proved to be more troublesome than I expected. Most novice users would not have been so persistent in finding missing drivers and copying them to keep the install running. Since it was a “new printer” I had to delete it on other PCs and reinstall it as a new network printer. That surprised me in that it failed until I rebooted the PCs I was trying to load it on.

Otherwise programs seem intact. The ones I worried about MS Office Pro, Visual Basic and my CAD/CAM programs didn’t seem to notice anything had ever happened.

One other minor benefit, the Maxtor drive is noticeably quieter than the Western Digital it replaced. I don’t have a sound meter, but I can tell a difference.

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8-2-2: Rescue Files Trapped on a CD-RW (care of: PC World)

Hopefully the data is still there but do not write additional information to the disc. You may try the ScanDisc Utility (not Windows Scan disc) to diagnose and try to fix the disc. The Utility works better in Direct CD 5 than it does in Direct CD 3 but you have to shell out about $99 for the upgrade to Easy CD 5x. Another choice to consider is CD-ROM Productions` $50 CD-R Diagnostic Utility which will try to Copy the files to a new location. You should be able to download a Demo version at


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8-2-3: Getting ECD Plat 5 to work on Dell's system. (Author: Andrew~Alexia75)

I finally got ECDC Plat 5 to work on my Dell 8200 with Windows XP factory installed with a NEC NR 7900A CD-RW drive and also factory installed with ECDC Basic.

The sequence I followed was:
1-Install ECDC Plat 5
2-Restart PC
3-Install xp_upPlatinum.exe
4-Restart PC
5-Update to ecdc_v502c_up.exe
6-Restart PC
7-Run xp_upPlatinum.exe AGAIN

Hopefully this sequence will help somebody else.
Thanks Again

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8-2-4: Getting ECD Basic 5.1 to work on Dell's system (Author: Mike ~cde3cvr)

This is what worked for me:

If you are running the basic version of Easy CD 5.1 then
try this:

1.) Remove Easy CD Creator 5.x from within add remove programs, as well as any other CD recording software including Adaptec if listed. Do not reboot.

2.) Open windows explorer and follow this path to C:\program files. If you see an Adaptec folder please delete it. Also delete the Adaptec shared folder under C:\program files\common files, if there.

3.) Go to the start button, choose run, type regedit, click ok. Once in regedit, click file in the upper left hand corner and choose export registry file. Save this file as Roxio backup on your desktop just in case your registry edit screws things up you will have a good copy of your old registry to restore to if needed. Once you have exported a backup of your registry then:

Locate and open the folder HKEY_CURRENT_USER
Under this key open the SOFTWARE folder then delete Adaptec.
Close the SOFTWARE folder.
Locate and open the folder HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.
Under this key open the SOFTWARE folder then delete Adaptec.
Close the SOFTWARE folder
Exit the Registry editor

4.) Go back to the start button, choose run, type msconfig, click ok. Click the startup tab, then click the disable all button. Click apply then ok, and restart your computer.

5.) Once you are back on your desktop, Install Easy CD Creator form the Roxio install disk and reboot.

6.) Download the xp_up_basic.exe from the Roxio download page and save it to your desktop. (This patch makes Easy CD Creator basic compatible with XP)

7.) Apply the xp_up_basic.exe patch. Reboot your system.

8.) Go back to the MSCONFIG and enable your startup items again.

9.) Reboot your system and try the Easy CD program.

This worked for me when I was having trouble getting the Easy CD 5.1 basic that came in the XP upgrade package that I got from Dell to work correctly.

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8-2-5: Helpful List for Easy CD Platinum (Author: Jerry~anthony12)



  2. Make sure you go to there site and get the latest update. Site is

  4. Go to MUSIC CD PROJECT then TOOLS then TEST and then perform a test on all your drives. This will allow you and easy creator to insure that you don’t try to record songs at a speed that is to fast for your drives. Make sure that during the test that you do not do anything else on the computer.

  5. DMA SETTING ( direct memory access)
  6. On my older drive I had to have DMA off for the best results while on my new drive I have found that it should be set to on. To determine which is best on your drive do the following.

    While in MUSIC CD PROJECT select a song and move it to the track title block, which then should turn the record button to red. Click on the record block and then options. Set the record options to test only, then insert a blank disk, and then do a test record. Make sure your record speed is set to the highest level you can record at. If you have set it to test only it will not record any thing on the disk. Hit the record option. While the disk is recording watch the buffer level and see how low it goes. Buffer underruns are what I have found that stops the recording and cause me to waste a disk during the recording. After doing the test and finding the lowest buffer level change your DMA setting for your CD re-writer drive and rerun the test. If this increase the buffer level then leave it. If it decreases it then change it back. How to change DMA under window 98 and me. Start key then settings then control panel then system. Under system then click device manager and then CD-ROM. Click on your CD re-writer then settings. Click DMA block to turn it on or unclick it to turn it off. I am not sure under windows XP but I think you deselect it by win pause device manager select properties and then settings.

    Note: I have found that after using a blank to run a test or a test and record that fails during the test, that when I start to record again that it will ask me to insert a new disk but if I just reinsert the disk that was used during the test that it will work.

  8. I have found that recording without testing runs a lot of disk so I set my recording to test and record CD.

    While in MUSIC CD PROJECT select a song and move it to the track title block which then should turn the record button to red. Click on the record block and then options. Set the record options to test and record CD. Click the set the Default button. This sets you default options and it will now be set at test and record CD. If a CD is going to fail it will fail during the test and you will not run a disk. You can then lower your speed or do remove the song that is causing you to stop recording.

  10. Since, your CD-rewriter will stop, if you have buffer underruns, don’t do anything else while the recording is taking place that includes being on the internet, games, or anything else. You can also do ctrl-alt-del keys and stop all programs except explorer, systray, direct CD and easy creator to insure that nothing else is taking up computer time. I have found that in most cases I don’t have to ctrl alt del.

    NOTE: Defrag your hard drive helps since it means less time for the computer to find your songs.

    Having a much memory as possible also helps. I upgraded my computer to 288mbits of ram since ram does not cost that much.

    Place all your songs to record in a file together so easy creator does not have to go from drive or file to another to get the songs. I used windows explorer to add a new folder that I use for this. Songs that I have on CDs I use sound stream to move them to the hard drive as mp3 files. I use sound stream in a lot of case to do my recording since; I can click the blue box at the bottom and then effects and then normalize the songs. Using sound stream you can also, when recording tracks off a CD right click and pick the name tracks, and sound stream will go on line to get the names and insert them in the recording. If you have not used sound stream and have only been using easy creator I suggest that you try it. During the recording you can send it to a CD or to a file on your hard drive also you can pick if you want it wav, mp3, or another type recording.


CD copier is ideal for making copies of music or data CDs but you have to understand the advanced options. Make sure you have the options set for test and copy so you don’t waste a disk if there is a problem. Also if it is a music CD you will in most cases want to us disk at once option but if it is a copy of a data disk, like say backing up a program disk like Roxio you should not use disk at once.

Click on help and read up on the options. Also copying to the hard drive first will help sometimes.

Dirty disk can stop the recording and I have found that if I take the disk to the bathroom and wash it with soap and water then dry it with a soft cotton cloth that it will fix the problem most of the time. Make sure you get it dry before you put it in your drive. Drives don’t like water. Don’t use a hair dryer to dry it just dry with s very soft cotton cloth.


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8-2-6: Windows XP burning program (Author: Jim Hardin)

XP has no provision to format a CD-RW media.
With XP you have to use Explorer to select the files you want to copy to a CD, R or RW, then Right Click and send them to the CD folder.
After you have enough in there to fill a CD Right click on the folder and start the Wizard.
The CD created will be a data CD, finalized and ready to use/store or admire.
It is a very simple process unlike Easy CD, Direct CD or the Nero equivalents. It is limited too, but will suit the needs of most casual users.

XP’s Native CD writing ability, while limited, will probably be enough for many users.

First there is NO ability to copy or save directly to a CD. CDs are not floppies and require Packet Writing (UDF) software to do so. Roxio’s Direct CD or Ahead’s In CD are two such programs. Only UDF writing requires a CD to be formatted. Otherwise;

DATA and MUSIC CDs: These can be CD-R or CD-RW media. There are two ways to do this.

Method A, using Explorer:

  1. Insert a blank CD in the drive. Could be a CD-RW that you want to overwrite.
  2. Right click a file or folder or a selection of files or folders.
  3. From the shortcut menu, choose Send To CD Drive.
  4. Repeat until you are done.
  5. Open your CD drive in My Computer.
  6. Click Write These Files To CD on the Task Pane, or choose File, Write These Files To CD from the Menu Bar.

Method B, using Explorer:

  1. Drag the selected files/folders (poor choice) into the Windows Explorer folder for your CD. A better method is to use Copy & Paste.
  2. Open your CD drive in My Computer.
  3. Click Write These Files To CD on the Task Pane, or choose File, Write These Files To CD from the Menu Bar.

The last step of either method will bring up the CD Writing Wizard to finish. If the files are data or mixed data & music, a Data CD will be created. If the files are all music, a music CD will be created.

There are some “defects”… One, is that the CD folder will not readily show you how much you have in there. Only when you get to the Wizard will it complain if there are too many. Solution, Right click the folder and select properties before you write. Another is the HD space required. The CD folder contains copies of the files, hence double the storage requirements. That will only be a problem if you are low on HD space.

CD capacity will depend largely on the Drive you are using & the media. MS mentions a 850 MB maximum.

Users wanting to create Video CDs, mixed CDs will have to seek other software.

At the time I am writing this, 01/02, I do not have XP so all of this is taken from a book, “Microsoft Windows XP Inside Out”, by Microsoft Press.

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8-2-7: Check you ASPI Layer when experiencing various errors with CD/RW`s and Detection (Author: Rob Arco)

ASPI Layer


One of the most commonly overlooked areas for CD-ROM/CD-RW errors is the ASPI layer. ASPI (Advanced SCSI Programming Interface) was originally created by Adaptec to handle SCSI devices however, from Windows 95 on, Microsoft incorporated ASPI into its IDE routines. Unfortunately, both the OEM hardware manufacturers and Microsoft can incorrectly handle ASPI, causing people to experience numerous errors. The ASPI layer must be a complete set of DLL and vxd files working in concert however, the manufacturers often package subsets causing inconsistencies. The 6 main ASPI files are:


Four of the files must have identical version numbers or potential errors can occur. You can easily check the version by ‘right-clicking’ the file and selecting ‘Properties’.

Errors caused by incorrectly installed ASPI Layer

Errors caused by incorrectly installed ASPI layers can be:

Inability to read certain disks

CD-R burn errors

CD-RW burn error

Non-specific CD errors

CD devices unrecognized by the system

Errors indicating that a wrong disk was inserted

Many more…..

The list above is far from complete but probably some of the most complained about errors experienced. Correctly installing ASPI often results in near error free CD handling. In most cases, it also eliminates the dreaded ‘CD COASTERS’ (inability to properly write/burn CD-R’s or CD-RW).

Also be aware that it is being reported that various CD burner utilities, such as Easy-CD Creator, Nero Burn and especially CloneCD may overlay an otherwise perfect ASPI layer in your computer. As an example, people suffering from the "Insert correct CD" error on their Windows 98 system when they tried upgrading other software. The overlay may be off one file causing the 4 file sync to be corrupted.

How to check the ASPI layer

Checking your ASPI layer us simple. It is not enough to check for the presence of the DLL files. Synchronized files and proper install need to be verified. This is best performed via a tool called ASPICHK, which can be download from one of the following sites: (Adaptec web site) (HP web site)

When you run the ASPICHK utility, it will display the 4 files, the version number of each and most important, that the ‘layer’ itself is properly installed.

Updating the ASPI layer

To get the latest ASPI layer and insure proper install, go to one of the listed web sites, find the ASPI release for your operating system and install. Please remember that this may not be a one-time process. Updates or installs of CD-ROM or CD-RW software can overlay your perfectly created ASPI layer. Simply re-install the ASPI layer and you will be re-synced to where you need to be.

Please read these sites carefully for install. The latest version is 4.70 (at the Adaptec site) however, I have run 4.60 on Windows ME and Windows XP without error. DO NOT LOAD 4.70. It creates errors. A link to 4.60 is provided below. (Adaptec best site) (Adaptec best site) (Nero site, look near bottom, works well, but try Adaptec)


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8-2-8: Creating VCD with Nero 5.7 (Author: Glen Waxwell)

All you need to do is start the Nero Burning ROM program. Under New Compilation you scroll down to the Video-CD Icon and select it. I left all setting as they were then selected NEW. On the right (FILE BROWSER) you select the file you want to burn example, "D:\AVI\whatever.avi" left click on file and drag to Video Window on the left then click on the burn image Icon (Opens the write CD Dialog) When the Write CD window opens just click on the write button sit back. It will go through the process of encoding the .AVI file to the proper format for the VCD and then burn on my Dell Dim. P3 866 384mb of Ram took about 3 hrs. to complete a 625 mb AVI file. The program creates all the files and directories needed on the CD to play in a DVD player capable of playing DVD, VCD, CDR and CD-RW disks.


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8-2-9: Helpful tips for Direct CD (Author: Jerry~anthony12)

Here is some info I typed up about Direct CD that might help


You may use both CD-R or CD-RW media with Direct CD, but both require you format them prior to use. CD-RW media makes the most sense for most users. Format will require 22 MB initially plus 13 MB per session. Always leave about 50 MB open to use to finalize the media.

First make sure you are using your CD Rewriter drive. I know this sounds stupid but many times I have forgot and tried to send something to the disk and had it in the CD-ROM drive.

Second needs to be explained. There three ways to close a disk under Direct CD and only one of them will allow you to write to again. Without making it write-able again.

First lets make sure you have your options set to what I feel are the best under Direct CD. Go to Direct CD and you should see a Option Button near the bottom. Click on it and make sure you have the top three options checked. See Fig 1.



They are:

Show CD Ready Notification

Show Ejected CD Notification

Show Icon In System Tray

Below these there is a box for CD-R Eject Options. I have the center one checked which is, Always Show Eject Option Dialog Box. In Fig 1 it is grayed out because CD-RW was in the drive.

This box will come up with CD-R media and only to allow you to close it one of three ways. They are:

Leave as is so it can be written to as a drive letter. What this means is that you can read and write to it with a CD-RW drive, But a CD-ROM drive will not see the files.

Close to UDF v1.5 . Which allows you to see the files on your CD-ROM or any computer that has a UDF reader program installed. You can get a copy of this program at, but most computers now have it. You can check to see if yours does by closing one this way. HERE IS WHAT is important about this if you close it this way you will not be able to WRITE TO IT UNTIL YOU MAKE IT WRITE-ABLE AGAIN.

Close to Read on Any Computer. It to means you will not be able to write to it until you make it write-able. A second option is available when closing this way to Protect it. This means it cannot be used again.

Now how do you make it write-able?
First it must be formatted using Direct CD
you can do this by going to Direct CD and hitting the format key.
To write to it after it is formatted follow these steps

Insert the disk and go to Direct CD and wait for it to spin up this could take while if you have a lot of info on disk. You will hear the drive spin up and down a few times but if you check the three options I told you to you should see the CD Ready windows when it is ready. Make sure you leave it check so you see this window each time, and you will know when it is ready. It should tell you that it is ready to write to it if not go to direct CD and the blue make write-able button should allow you to make the disk write-able again.
The other way is to leave it write-able when you eject it or to change it so it can be write-able the next time you insert it.

Also I have found that, if I have damaged the disk that it will not always allow me to change it, and I have to use scan disk to fix the disk or copy the files to another one.

Do not cut off your computer and leave DCD formatted media in the drive or it can be damaged since it needs to be closed as it ejects.

A disk that has been formatted by Direct CD can be used to even save to off the internet, but remember it must be in the CD rewriter and must be formatted first. Also remember it takes time for it to spin up.

Also a disk that was formatted with Direct CD will only eject if Direct CD is running. A lot of us have tried to eject a disk that was formatted under Direct CD and the drive will not allow this.

That is what good about having the option show icon in Systray check it will allow you to see that Direct CD is running.

Hope this helps

Remember also that a formatted CDs are for using with Windows programs not with Easy CD Creator. A lot of people put a formatted CD in the drive, and try and use Easy CD Creator to write to it. You will get a message that it is already being used by DirecT CD. Easy CD Creator and DirecT CD are two different programs.

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8-2-10: A little useful info from the Plextor website about CDRWs in XP (Care of Phatpype)

Can I use “Windows XP Backup” with CD-RW media?

The Windows XP Operating System cannot use “Windows Backup” to backup files to an unformatted CD-R/RW disc. The Removable Storage Management component of Windows XP recognizes the CD-RW disc as if it were write protected (read only) and will not treat the disc as a removable storage medium. You can manually copy files or folders using the project window, but Windows XP is unable to backup a volume, such as a drive partition, to a CD that has not been formatted with a packet writing application. The Windows XP Operating System cannot format CD-RW media by itself, but XP will work successfully with third party applications that CAN format the CD-RW for UDF. For instance, if the disc is formatted with DirectCD or another packet writing software, the backup program will then be able to recognize the disc and use it as a backup volume.

Note: Windows XP Backup does not have the capability to span multiple CDs (record from one to another) during a backup operation. When using Windows XP Backup, the total size of the backup file must not exceed the formatted capacity of the CD (approximately 533MB). If you need to backup an entire drive or a system volume exceeding 533 MB, you need to use a third party backup and restore program designed to span the file over multiple CDs.

Why can’t I delete files from my CD-RW disc in Windows XP?

Windows XP cannot format a CD-RW disc for UDF packet writing, but it will accept unformatted CD-RW media. Unformatted CD-RW media is treated the same as CD-R, and you can copy files or folders to the disc, but you can only erase the entire disc, not the individual files. When using CD-RW media, only the “quick erase” function is supported by the Operating System.

If DirectCD or other packet writing software application is installed, and the CD-RW disc is formatted with that software, then the CD-RW disc works normally under Windows XP as a large floppy, and individual files can then be deleted.

**Please also note that when using backup, the "enable CD writing" tab should be unticked during the backup, and then reticked when done using the CD as a "backup disk". You'll find this setting by clicking on the drive properties in windows explorer.**

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8-2-11: CD/RW is Read Only (Care of Jack ~ Fireberd)


In generalities, although it would appear a CD-RW disc can be used like a floppy diskette, it really doesn't work the same as a floppy.  First, many programs will not write directly to a CD disc, you have to use a CD burning program and if you want to format it and then copy files to it with the Windows Explorer you need a to use a program such as the Roxio "Direct CD", Nero's "InCd" or Sonic's "DLA" for first format the RW disc (this is called a UDF formatted disc).

You can then write to it from the Windows Explorer by either copying files to it or "drag and drop" to it.  When the files are placed on a "UDF" formatted CD (either R or RW) the files become read only.  If you want to use that file again, you need to copy it to the hard drive, change the attributes (remove the read only) and then you can do what you want with the file.

There is one big minus with RW discs.  They are known to be unreliable and can either lose data or lose format (and data) so do not have your only backup or only copy of data on an RW. 


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8-2-12: Uninstall Roxio with the add/remove programs (Care of ~ Jim)

Uninstall Roxio with the add/remove programs. Then manually remove two folders. C:\Program Files\Adaptec and C:\Program Files\Common Files\Adaptec. Restart Windows (this is critical so restart Windows after each function) and then do a new install of Roxio, Restart Windows again. Do the updates to Roxio, Restart Windows again. Then see how it works.


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